ImportantNotices
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Closure of the South Shore Bike Link on June 1-14 Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve closed from May 21 to June 14 River shuttle: start of season postponed Cycling access ramp of the Concorde Bridge: detour to be expected Closure of the South Shore Bike Link on June 1-14
 

Closure of the South Shore Bike Link on June 1-14

June 1st-14, 2019

The South Shore Bike Link will be closed from June 1 to June 14 due to the Grand Prix du Canada.

Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve closed from May 21 to June 14

May 21 to June 14, 2019

Due to the final preparations for the Formula 1 Grand Prix du Canada, the Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve is closed to cyclists from May 21 to June 14 inclusively.

River shuttle: start of season postponed

May 14-31, 2019

Due to the river's high water level, the Maritime Shuttles service will not begin its operations on Saturday, May 18, as expected. More details will be announced in the coming days.

Cycling access ramp of the Concorde Bridge: detour to be expected

April 3 to May 16, 2019

The cycling access ramp, which serves as a cycling path between Île-Sainte-Hélène and the Concorde Bridge, will remain closed until the end of construction work on Espace 67. Cyclists can get to Île-Sainte-Hélène, from the Concorde Bridge, by taking the Circuit Gilles-Villeneuve and then the Cosmos Bridge.

Plan your trip and avoid unpleasant surprises by consulting often the important notices or the schedule of activities and events that are of interest to you.

Biosphere

Biosphere

The dome

Mandated by the United States Information Agency in 1964, Richard Buckminster Fuller, an architect, designer, inventor and philosopher, developed the geodesic dome as the structure for the United States Pavilion at Expo 67.

The dynamic, free-standing structure is composed of cylindrical steel tubes sub-divided into side-by-side plastic covered triangles. This concept required a considerably small amount of materials than conventional architectural designs of such magnitude.

The Biosphere's structure reproduces more than 75% of the surface of a sphere and is the largest building of its kind in the world. Fuller's work quickly became a symbol of Expo 67.

Donation

Once Expo 67 was over, many of the pavilions on the site were dismantled. But the United States Pavilion was donated to the City of Montréal by then-U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The City of Montréal officially took possession of the geodesic dome on January 31, 1968.

Man and His World

For more than eight years, from 1968 to 1976, the Biosphere played host to exhibitions, works of art, theme-based gardens, many bird species (the forerunner of the Biodome) and a wide range of activities for the family, even a movie theatre!

The scientific aspect was also featured with the addition of animated activities on photosynthesis, soil conservation, pollution problems in cities, etc.

The 1975 brochure has a line that reads: « Une oasis de joie de vivre » (A joyful oasis)

Museum

In 1995, after many years of studies, the City of Montréal finally announced the Biosphere's new vocation: a museum promoting the environment and its protection. Now that's a mission in keeping with the philosophy of the Biosphere's creator, Mr. Fuller!

The restoration costs were so expensive that the City of Montréal decided to keep just the tubular structure and completely redo the interior. The renovation project was carried out in collaboration with Environment Canada, which has occupied the premises ever since.


Sources

  • Société du parc Jean-Drapeau Archives
  • City of Montréal Archives
  • Environment Canada

Discover Related Topics

Expo 67 Biosphère, Environment Museum

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